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Research News

Our faculty and students are engaged in important research seeking to solve the world’s most pressing problems. Each year, faculty and students make important contributions to the field which result in them participating in a wide-range of research projects, publishing peer-reviewed articles, and presenting important findings at conferences.

Research Brief: The Farm Has an Insatiable Appetite

Beginning farmers’ stressors are multilayered, and interventions must be approached at multiple system levels. Current US policy and programming emphasize technical assistance among beginning farmers; however, these individual-level strategies neglect broader systems-level disparities. Women, LGBTQ+, and BIPOC farmer participants should be centered in USDA, Extension, and funder decision-making. Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

Research Brief: Father-Mother Co-Involvement in Child Maltreatment

Parental substance use, inadequate housing, medical conditions, intimate partner violence, and prior perpetration history were associated with mother-father co-involvement in physical abuse, neglect, emotional abuse, or sexual abuse. Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

Research Brief: Ohio Children of First Incident Responders Support Team (C-FIRST)

The C-FIRST needs assessment revealed that the participating first responders indicated that mental health resources for their children were the most requested support, and the majority were interested in a mentorship program to support the well-being of their children. Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

Research Brief: Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Physical Health Outcomes of Children in Foster Care

Children of color—especially Black and Indigenous children—are disproportionately overrepresented in foster care and experience barriers in accessing services and receiving physical and behavioral healthcare compared to their White counterparts. Although racial disparities in mental health outcomes of children in foster care have been examined systematically, less is known about racial disparities in their physical health outcomes. This systematic review aimed to examine disparities in physical health outcomes (i.e., general health, developmental delays and disability, chronic illness, health-compromising behaviors, all-cause mortality) of children in foster care by their race and ethnicity. Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

Research Brief: Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Children in Foster Care

To date, little to nothing is known about Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NHPI) children in foster care although they are overrepresented in some of the child welfare systems in the United States and experience challenges stemming from structural colonialism and displacement. To highlight this often-overlooked population in child welfare research, the current study applied an indigenous model to understand who the NHPI children are in foster care by descriptively examining their sociodemographic, family of origin, geographic characteristics, as well as their placement status with relatives or foster parents who identify as NHPI. Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

Research Office Newsletter – July 2022

Click here to read the College of Social Work’s quarterly Research Office Newsletter

Date: July 2022

Research Brief: Differential Response & the Reduction of Child Maltreatment and Foster Care Services Utilization

In 1990, a report issued by the U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect indicated that the state of child safety represented a national emergency. Several approaches to child welfare system reform emerged after the publication of the advisory board’s report, including the implementation of differential response (DR), a system policy that promotes family engagement by allowing child protective services (CPS) to differentiate its response (e.g., investigation or assessment) to reports of child abuse and neglect based on multiple factors such as level of risk, child age, source of reporter, and type of reported maltreatment. Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

Research Brief: Mental Well-Being among the Bhutanese Refugee Population

The Bhutanese refugee population have been the subject of considerable psychiatric research and intervention due to high rates of psychiatric morbidity, disability, and suicide given prolonged displacement. The central Ohio region hosts the largest Bhutanese refugee population—approximately 30,000 Bhutanese refugees—and this number is expected to increase in the next 5 years. An epidemiological study in the region suggested alarming rates of anxiety symptoms, PTSD, depression, suicide, and substance misuse among resettled Bhutanese refugees in the region. Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

Research Brief: Examining Mechanisms Linking Economic Insecurity to Interparental Conflict

In the US, approximately 7 million families live in poverty. Low household income has been a large focus of poverty research. However, material hardship—defined as everyday challenges related to making ends meet including difficulties paying for housing, utilities, food, or medical care—is common among American families and has not been systematically examined as a complementary indicator of poverty. To fill this knowledge gap, the current study used the Family Stress Model to test the mechanisms by which low household income and material hardship contribute to mothers’ and fathers’ depressive symptoms and destructive interparental conflict (i.e., moderate verbal aggression couples use that could be harmful to the partner relationship). Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

Research Brief: The Acceptability of Non-Abstinent Treatment Goals among Clinical Social Workers in the US

Closeup of hands of a young woman holding hand of an senior lady

In the United States (US), approximately 21 million people are diagnosed with a substance use disorder (SUD); however, only 11% of individuals obtain treatment. One reason is individuals who struggle with SUD are often unable or unwilling to abstain from substance use, which is the prescribed goal in many SUD treatment facilities. This study employed a mixed-methods study design examining perceptions of non-abstinence treatment goals among clinical social workers in the US who specialize in SUD treatment. Click here to view a PDF with full details.