Author Archives: Kayla Luttrell

To date, little to nothing is known about Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (NHPI) children in foster care although they are overrepresented in some of the child welfare systems in the United States and experience challenges stemming from structural colonialism and displacement. To highlight this often-overlooked population in child welfare research, the current study applied an indigenous model to understand who the NHPI children are in foster care by descriptively examining their sociodemographic, family of origin, geographic characteristics, as well as their placement status with relatives or foster parents who identify as NHPI. Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

In 1990, a report issued by the U.S. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect indicated that the state of child safety represented a national emergency. Several approaches to child welfare system reform emerged after the publication of the advisory board’s report, including the implementation of differential response (DR), a system policy that promotes family engagement by allowing child protective services (CPS) to differentiate its response (e.g., investigation or assessment) to reports of child abuse and neglect based on multiple factors such as level of risk, child age, source of reporter, and type of reported maltreatment. Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

The Bhutanese refugee population have been the subject of considerable psychiatric research and intervention due to high rates of psychiatric morbidity, disability, and suicide given prolonged displacement. The central Ohio region hosts the largest Bhutanese refugee population—approximately 30,000 Bhutanese refugees—and this number is expected to increase in the next 5 years. An epidemiological study in the region suggested alarming rates of anxiety symptoms, PTSD, depression, suicide, and substance misuse among resettled Bhutanese refugees in the region. Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

In the US, approximately 7 million families live in poverty. Low household income has been a large focus of poverty research. However, material hardship—defined as everyday challenges related to making ends meet including difficulties paying for housing, utilities, food, or medical care—is common among American families and has not been systematically examined as a complementary indicator of poverty. To fill this knowledge gap, the current study used the Family Stress Model to test the mechanisms by which low household income and material hardship contribute to mothers’ and fathers’ depressive symptoms and destructive interparental conflict (i.e., moderate verbal aggression couples use that could be harmful to the partner relationship). Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

Closeup of hands of a young woman holding hand of an senior lady

In the United States (US), approximately 21 million people are diagnosed with a substance use disorder (SUD); however, only 11% of individuals obtain treatment. One reason is individuals who struggle with SUD are often unable or unwilling to abstain from substance use, which is the prescribed goal in many SUD treatment facilities. This study employed a mixed-methods study design examining perceptions of non-abstinence treatment goals among clinical social workers in the US who specialize in SUD treatment. Click here to view a PDF with full details. 

Given the high burden of child maltreatment, there is an urgent need to know more about resilient functioning among those who have experienced maltreatment. The aims of the study were to: 1) identify distinct profiles of resilience across cognitive, emotional, behavioral, and social domains in young children involved in the child welfare system; and 2) examine maltreatment characteristics and family protective factors in relation to the identified resilience profiles. Click here to view a PDF with full details.

happy father and son walk in nature

Father involvement is a key family protective factor that is crucial to children’s healthy development. Identifying distinctive patterns of father involvement and their contributions to diverse aspects of child development among low-income families is an important focus of inquiry that can inform the development of interventions to promote healthy development in vulnerable children. Click here to view a PDF with full details.

Families with low income experience high levels of economic insecurity, but less is known about how mothers and fathers in such families successfully navigate coparenting and parenting in the context of material hardship. The current study utilized a risk and resilience framework of testing the Family Stress Model to investigate the underlying family processes linking material hardship and children’s prosocial behaviors in a sample of socioeconomically disadvantaged mother-father families with preschoolers from the Building Strong Families project (N = 452). Click here to view a PDF with full details.

COVID-19 is likely to have negatively impacted foster families, but few data sources are available to confirm this. The current study used Reddit social media data to examine how foster families were faring in the early months of the pandemic. Click here to view a PDF with full details.

African American youth have the highest suicide death rate increase among any other racial/ethnic minority group, from 2.55 per 100,000 in 2007 to 4.82 per 100,000 in 2017, and are becoming the group most likely to die by suicide in the United States. Guided by ecodevelopmental theory, we investigated the relationship between parental incarceration and substance misuse and their association with suicidal planning in a sample of African American youth and young adults. Click here to view a PDF with full details.

This research was part of a larger study conducted in 2014 by a food mapping team who geo-coded over 700 surveys and collected data about food access, food shopping patterns, neighborhood environments, health conditions, food insecurity, and sociodemographic characteristics in Columbus, OH. Click here to view a PDF with full details.

Results of this randomized clinical trial demonstrated the efficacy of psilocybin-assisted therapy in producing large, rapid, and sustained antidepressant effects among patients with MDD. These data expand the findings of previous studies involving patients with cancer and depression as well as patients with treatment-resistant depression by suggesting that psilocybin may be effective in the much larger population of MDD. Click here to view a PDF with full details.

The College of Social Work is at the forefront in the fight against the opioid epidemic in Ohio with multiple research collaborations, grants, and community partnerships. The College of Social work is involved in a variety of studies to understand the impact of the opioid epidemic on individuals, families, and communities. Click here to view a PDF with full details.

The social connectedness of diverse older adults has important implications for their health and well-being. Transportation plays an important role in the social connectedness and social integration of older adults. Despite the increasing number of diverse older adults nationally and locally, there is limited information on factors influencing their transportation behaviors. To address this gap, this study explored barriers and facilitators of transportation among diverse older adults, particularly older immigrants and refugees in Columbus.
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Black girls bear a higher burden of juvenile justice involvement in the United States, relative to other racial/ethnic female groups. Emerging evidence suggests that system involvement is related to trauma histories and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study investigated the associations between individual, family, and peer factors and their relationship to PTSD among Black girls with juvenile justice involvement.
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The number of older adults is steadily increasing in the US and across the globe. Aging is linked to an increased risk of disability. Disabilities that limit one or more major life activities such as seeing, hearing, walking, and motor skills impact a person’s ability to drive a car. While communities are challenged to create affordable and accessible mobility options, there are widely held, inaccurate biases around older adults’ abilities to contribute to the development and improvement of alternative transportation options.
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In the first half of 2017 alone, 1,764 cases of child sexual abuse (CSA) were reported in Pakistan. While reported cases of CSA have risen, efforts to combat this issue have either been narrow in outlook, or extremely small in scale. Safer Society for Children (SSC) was started by the Information Technology University of Punjab (ITU) to address the issue of CSA through targeted workshops for elementary school-age children, parents, teachers, police, and healthcare professionals. Continue reading

Baton Rouge is home to approximately 25,000 resettled refugees, out of which 7% (i.e. 1,750) are refugees from Africa. As refugees begin their lives in new spaces, they face many post-resettlement challenges. The purpose of this research project was to understand the needs and capacity of African refugees in Baton Rouge to garner community based solutions centered around community priorities.
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Given the increasing mental health risks among Bhutanese refugee women, a year long culturally responsive leadership project was co-developed and co-implemented with young Bhutanese women to: empower young Bhutanese women as cultural leaders, help identify community assets and cultural resources that can serve as protective factors to challenge gender norms, promote mental well-being, and build community resilience among the local Bhutanese community.
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Congratulations to College of Social Work faculty, staff and students who will be presenting at this year’s SSWR conference. Check out who’s presenting and what topics will be covered here.